Saitz and coauthors tested the efficacy of 2 brief interventions among 528 adults with unhealthy drug use identified by screening in primary care. They compared a brief negotiated interview and an intervention based on motivational interviewing with no brief intervention. In an Editorial, Hingson and Compton discuss the importance of exploring drug use with patients in primary care.
Saitz and coauthors conducted a randomized trial among 563 people with alcohol and other drug dependence to investigate whether chronic care management improves substance use outcomes compared with usual primary care. O’Connor comments in an editorial.
This Evidence Report to support the 2016 update of the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on primary care screening for and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection in adults summarizes evidence on screening test accuracy and benefits and harms of screening and treatment.
Walter and Schonberg perform a review of peer-reviewed journals to identify risk factors for breast cancer in older women and to quantify the benefits and harms of screening mammography for women aged 75 years and older.
This Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for latent tuberculosis infection in populations that are at increased risk. (B recommendation)
Richardson and coauthors conducted a randomized trial to determine whether a collaborative care intervention for adolescents with depression improved depressive outcomes compared with usual care. In an Editorial, Reeves and Riddle discuss the potential that pediatric primary care clinicians have to improve identification and treatment of adolescent depression.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of patient navigation (care coordination) with or without financial incentives with usual care on viral suppression and death among hospitalized patients with HIV infection and substance use.
Jonas and coauthors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the benefits and harms of medications for adults with alcohol use disorders that included 122 randomized clinical trials and 1 cohort study (22 803 participants). In an Editorial, Bradley and Kivlahan discuss the importance of patient-centered care and shared decision making for patients with alcohol use disorders.