Shankaran and coauthors determine if longer duration cooling (120 hours), deeper cooling (32.0°C), or both is superior to cooling to 33.5°C for 72 hours in neonates who are full-term with moderate or severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).
This population epidemiology study used neonatal registry data to characterize trends in maternal and neonatal care, and morbidity and mortality of extremely preterm infants between 1993 and 2012.
This retrospective analysis of infants at National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network sites did not find differences in mortality or neonatal morbidity between trial participants and nonparticipants.
Bezerra and coauthors report on the effect of high-dose corticosteroids following hepatoportoenterostomy on bile drainage in infants with biliary atresia.
This study estimates familial risk and heritability of cancer types in a large twin cohort using data from population-based registers in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden.
This follow-up study to a randomized trial determined that antenatal magnesium sulfate was not associated with improved neurological, cognitive, academic, or behavioral outcomes at school age.