A cluster-randomized crossover trial found that daily bathing of patients in intensive care units with chlorhexidine did not reduce the incidence of health care–associated infections.
A cross-sectional study of 1-day prevalence surveys conducted in 183 US acute care hospitals in 10 states found that antimicrobial drugs were used was 49.9% of the time and use of broad-spectrum drugs was common.
To determine the incidence of clinically significant surgical site infections (CS-SSIs) requiring acute care following ambulatory surgery, Owens and coauthors performed a retrospective analysis of Healthcare Cost and Utilization Projectstate databases for 8 geographically dispersed states.
Schweizer and coauthors evaluate whether the implementation of an evidence-based bundle is associated with a lower risk of Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infections in patients undergoing cardiac operations or hip or knee arthroplasties.
This systematic review and meta-analysis found no statistically significant differences in the risk of death when comparing patients with S aureus exhibiting high-vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) (≥1.5 mg/L) vs those with low-vancomycin MIC (<1.5 mg/L), although the findings cannot definitely exclude an increased mortality risk.
This cohort study uses Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project data to compare mortality and health services use among patients hospitalized during an initial emergency department (ED) visit vs those discharged from the ED and hospitalized during a second unscheduled visit.