This Viewpoint discusses potential opportunities to advance health care in the US criminal justice system based on recent developments.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of patient navigation (care coordination) with or without financial incentives with usual care on viral suppression and death among hospitalized patients with HIV infection and substance use.
This statement from the International Antiviral Society–USA updates recommendations for the use of antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) to treat adults with established HIV infection and to prevent HIV infection among persons at risk of infection.
This community survey study describes trends in male medical circumcision vs use of antiretrovial therapy, and associations of each with HIV incidence before and after a program to increase uptake of circumcision and ART to prevent HIV.
In this Viewpoint, Anthony Fauci summarizes progress to date in efforts to develop an HIV vaccine that induces broadly neutralizing antibodies to neutralize the range of HIV variants that emerge from rapid mutations.
This Medical Letter review summarizes a newly approved 4-drug combination comprising elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir for treatment of HIV infection in individuals older than 12 years.
This Viewpoint urges greater involvement of primary care physicians in screening patients for risky sexual behaviors and prescribing preexposure prophylactic antiviral medication to those at risk of HIV infection.
This study compares the ability of an HIV antigen/antibody combination assay to detect acute HIV infection vs pooled HIV RNA testing in patients with a negative result for the rapid HIV test.
This randomized trial compares risks of viral rebound and viral failure with continuation of ritonavir-boosted lopinavir vs switching to efavirenz among children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection exposed to nevirapine for prevention of mother-to-child transmission who had initial viral suppression with ritonavir-boosted lopinavir–based therapy.
This sampling of sex workers in Mexico investigated entry in the sex trade as an adolescent vs as an adult and risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection and sexual violence.
This Review article concludes that the mainstay of syphilis treatment is parenteral penicillin G despite the relatively modest clinical trial data that support its use.
Stanley and coauthors conducted a randomized clinical trial among 50 antiretroviral-treated men and women with human immunodefiency virus infection (HIV) and abdominal fat accumulation to investigate the effect of the growth hormone–releasing hormone analog tesamorelin on visceral adipose tissue and liver fat.
Günthard and coauthors report the 2014 recommendations of the International Antiviral Society–USA Panel on antiretroviral treatment of adult human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.