This meta-analysis summarizes published evidence about the prevalence of mental health conditions in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and associations between those conditions and weight loss outcomes.
This randomized trial reports that among patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia, sedative premedication with lorazepam compared with placebo or no premedication did not improve the self-reported patient experience the day after surgery, but was associated with modestly prolonged time to extubation and a lower rate of early cognitive recovery.
Iranmanesh and colleagues assess surgical treatment options for patients at intermediate risk of a common duct stone in a randomized clinical trial and 6-month follow-up of 100 patients in a Geneva, Switzerland hospital, June 2011-February 2013.
Because of postsurgical risks of death, complication, and functional decline in older patients, Finlayson and colleagues conduct a review of treatment goals and evidence relating risk factors to adverse outcomes in 54 studies (encompassing 13 years) of 1 558 516 patients (aged >60 years).
This Viewpoint discusses the importance of timeliness in quality of health care and summarizes strategies for improving wait times and access to care.
This From The JAMA Network article discusses a retrospective study published in JAMA Surgery reporting the effect of a preventive care bundle on surgical site infection rates and costs in colorectal surgery.
Raebel and colleagues compare use of opioid medications for chronic pain 1 year before bariatric surgery vs 1 year after in a retrospective cohort study of 11 719 US patients from 2005 through 2009. In an Editorial, Alford discusses risks associated with opioid use and decreasing the need for chronic opioid therapy.