This Viewpoint discusses difficulties of using testosterone and other physiologic testing to confirm sex and event eligibility in phenotypically female athletes competing in the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Brazil.
This study uses application data from 2 US biomedical research programs to analyze institutional funding support for men and women overall, and by scientific focus, terminal degree, and years since receiving terminal degree.
This cross-sectional comparison of databases analyzes academic faculty rank by sex in US medical schools. The analysis also looks at physician age, years since residency, specialty, authored publications, funding, and clinical trial investigation.
This sampling of sex workers in Mexico investigated entry in the sex trade as an adolescent vs as an adult and risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection and sexual violence.