Explore the latest in surgery from The JAMA Network, including education and training, surgical quality and safety, minimally invasive techniques, global surgery, and more.
This study reviews all parotidectomies at a single institution conducted by head and neck surgeons to compare extracapsular dissection with superficial parotidectomy for benign parotid tumors with respect to surgical outcomes and cost-effectiveness.
This propensity score–matched analysis uses National Cancer Database data on patients with gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma who received preoperative chemoradiotherapy and resection to explore whether adjuvant chemotherapy confers a survival benefit compared with observation.
This database review evaluates the prevalence of anemia 10 years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and whether bariatric follow-up influences anemia rates in a population of veterans.
This study uses data from the US Nationwide Inpatient Sample to examine the association between regional hospital market concentration and hospital charges in a population of patients undergoing hepatopancreaticobiliary surgical procedures.
A 34-year-old man with a history of ischemic cardiomyopathy that required a heart transplant presented to the hospital with shortness of breath. What would you do next?
This population epidemiology study uses Medicare administrative data to describe national trends in performance and outcomes of carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting from 1999 to 2014 among fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 years or older.
This study uses the database Patient Administration Systems and Biostatistics Activity to examine the breadth of war-related and non–war-related surgical procedures provided by deployed military surgeons to locals in Afghanistan from 2002 to 2013.
This study assesses whether the MGMT protein expression in patients with late-stage gastric cancer is associated with prognosis or the need for fluorouracil-based adjuvant chemotherapy.
This study describes the oncologic safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy and provides evidence-based data regarding preservation of the nipple-areolar complex during a risk-reducing mastectomy in a population with BRCA mutations.
This Viewpoint argues that because many transgender individuals do not have access to or do not wish to undergo gender-affirmation surgery, it is not an appropriate requirement for changing gender markers on legal documents.
This population-based survey study assesses the influence of attending surgeons on rates of contralateral prophylactic mastectomy in women with breast cancer.
This systematic review and meta-analysis compares the long-term safety of coronary artery bypass grafting with that of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with left main coronary artery stenosis.
This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2017 Endocrine Society clinical practice guideline on endocrine treatment of gender-dysphoric/gender-incongruent persons.