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October 1920


Arch NeurPsych. 1920;4(4):417-427. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1920.02180220066005

The condition generally recognized as dystonia musculorum deformans, a name given it by Oppenheim, is of special interest at this time in view of the recent significant researches concerning the functions of the basal ganglia, especially of the nucleus lenticularis. First separated as a clinical entity by Schwalbe1 in a Berlin inaugural dissertation in 1908, given a definite nosologic classification by Oppenheim2 in 1911, and since then the subject of a number of papers and reports, the syndrome, or disease as some would maintain, has recently (1919) received an admirable and comprehensive review at the hands of Kurt Mendel.3 This last article renders it wholly superfluous to consider in detail the cases hitherto reported, thirty-three in number,4 according to Mendel, which are abstracted with critical comment by him together with a minute discussion of the condition in its etiologic, symptomatologic and differential-diagnostic aspects. It is