From time to time the maldevelopment of the mongolian imbecile has been attributed to one gland or another. In 1916, Stevens1 wrote "The characteristic facies of the mongolian syndrome and the dwarfing of the body make it probable that the syphilis acts primarily on some of the endocrine organs, possibly the pituitary body."
Later, Timme2 described a peculiarity of the sella turcica which was present in twenty-three of his twenty-four cases. "This change consisted in an excavation under the anterior clinoid processes and presumably under the olivary process and the optic groove." He questioned whether or not it bore some relation to pituitary function.
Clift3 thought this condition no more constant than in normals and pointed out a developmental deficiency of the nose and maxilla and generalized delay of bone development as the only characteristic roentgen-ray findings.
The data here reported were obtained with the view of testing
STEVENSON GS, STULTZ AD. SELLA TURCICA OF MONGOLIAN IMBECILES. Arch NeurPsych. 1923;10(3):299-303. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1923.02190270034003