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September 1927

SPASMODIC ASSOCIATED MOVEMENTS OF THE EYESCAN THEY BE PRODUCED BY SYPHILIS?

Author Affiliations

Commonwealth Fellow in Neuropsychiatry, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania PHILADELPHIA

From the Neuropsychiatric Department, Outpatient Clinic, Pennsylvania Hospital.

Arch NeurPsych. 1927;18(3):414-426. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1927.02210030094007
Abstract

Spasmodic associated movements of the eyeballs, during which the eyes are drawn laterally, upward or downward and are fixed for varying periods of time in that position, have been observed recently in a number of cases of epidemic encephalitis of the parkinsonian type. The first series of cases was reported by Fischer,1 in 1924. He studied five patients in whom the eyes were drawn upward, or to one side and upward. On the basis of the results obtained by functional vestibular tests, normal during the aspasmodic phase, the spasm being increased during the period of deviation, he concluded that the lesion producing this symptom was situated in the same locality as that producing the concomitant disturbances of the skeletal musculature, i. e., the corpora striata. Meyer2 reported two cases, in one of which the eyes were drawn to the left and downward, and in the other, upward. On

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