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September 1930

Medizinische Antropologie. Eine wissenschaftstheoretische Grundlegung der Medizin.

Arch NeurPsych. 1930;24(3):662-663. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1930.02220150225017

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Abstract

The author and editor of "Psychogenese und Psychotherapie körperlicher Symptome" gives a philosophical discussion of the position of medicine in the system of human fundamental attitudes, a disposition or outline of a system of medical anthropology including: (1) Man as part of nature (in four layers —the nonvital, the vital, the psychic and the mental). (2) Man as the creator of culture viewed as action, in the form of sport, dance, drama and language as levels of objectivation, followed by a discussion of a general schema of production seen in experiences, creation and understanding. The activation of this understanding illustrated by the psychologic system —psychoanalysis, individual psychology, the Dilthey-Spranger type of psychology and the pathology of production. (3) Man as a member of the community.

After a division on the position of this anthropology in a system of the sciences, he reviews as the basic concepts of medical

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