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March 1935

L'olive bulbaire.

Arch NeurPsych. 1935;33(3):684. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1935.02250150234022

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This monograph on the inferior olive deals with a subject which is greatly in need of clarification. The first part of the book is given over to a review of the anatomy of the olive; its connections with the cerebellum, mesencephalon, diencephalon and spinal cord, and its blood supply, histology and ontogenesis. In the second part a study of the phylogenesis of the olive is taken up, this portion consisting of original work by the author. These studies were made chiefly on monkeys and anthropoid apes. Finally, a brief consideration is given to the hypothecated functions of the olive as a coordinator of movements of articulation, as a center of vertical posture, in rigidity and in velopalatolaryngopharyngeal clonus.

Mareschal comes to the following conclusions: Anatomically, the olivary complex is connected with the cerebellum by crossed olivifugal tracts passing through the inferior cerebellar peduncle and terminating in the dentate nucleus and