What we would say about special hospitals deals primarily with neurologic centers. The argument might be applied to orthopedic, plastic and perhaps other units in time of war. But because of the interests of this audience and the limitations of our own experience, we must approach the subject from the point of view of neurosurgeons, from that of adequate care of injuries of the nervous system.
SEGREGATION IN CIVILIAN HOSPITALIZATION
Neurology came into existence as the result of segregation of patients. In the shadow of the dome of the Salpêtrière Jean Charcot found a group of human derelicts, and among them all the chronic maladies of the nervous system. The Hospital for the Paralyzed and Epileptic provided Hughlings Jackson with a group of patients selected according to the symptom, as the name suggests, and he described the neurologic mechanisms involved in paralysis and epilepsy.Neurosurgery was born when Horsley began
PENFIELD W, CONE WV. THE SPECIAL HOSPITAL IN TIME OF WAR. Arch NeurPsych. 1943;50(2):193-196. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1943.02290200093009