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September 1944

GUIDE TO INTERVIEWING AND CLINICAL PERSONALITY STUDY

Author Affiliations

BALTIMORE

From the Henry Phipps Psychiatric Clinic of the Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Arch NeurPsych. 1944;52(3):197-216. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1944.02290330036004
Abstract

LEARNING ABOUT THE PATIENT'S ATTITUDES  Human psychobiology, which is concerned with the integrated adaptive behavior of the human being, is of major importance in all fields of medicine. It is a fundamental purpose of psychiatric instruction and training to help the physician learn how to deal with the psychobiologic unit—the person—in action. The primary technical psychiatric procedure is the interview between the physician and the patient.The aims and methods of psychiatric interviewing can be learned thoroughly only by experience, reflection and discussion with teachers, but a somewhat detailed discussion of the matter is offered here for preliminary guidance.The universal aim of the physician at the beginning of the first interview with the patient in any case is to learn about the presenting problem, or chief complaint. Thereafter, aims diverge somewhat. One line of inquiry tries to answer the questions, "What noxious agent causes this patient to be ill;

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