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February 1947

SCHISTOSOMIASIS OF THE BRAIN DUE TO SCHISTOSOMA JAPONICUMReport of a Case

Author Affiliations

MEDICAL CORPS, ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES

From the Section of Neurology and Neurosurgery, O'Reilly General Hospital, Springfield, Mo.

Arch NeurPsych. 1947;57(2):199-210. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1947.02300250077006
Abstract

THE DEPOSITION of ova in the central nervous system is a rare complication of the infection of man by the trematode Schistosoma japonicum. The demonstration of these ova in the cerebral tissue has been reported four times in the available literature,1 and a fifth report is to be published.2 Two reports originate in the Philippine literature and one in the British literature. Vitug, Cruz and Bautista1a reported 2 cases of schistosomiasis involving the brain, 1 of which was presented with histologic evidence of ova-infected cerebral tissue. A favorable response to antimony was accepted as evidence for the diagnosis in the second case. These authors found two reports in the Philippine literature referring to schistosomiasis of the brain. Nieva3 described the case of a patient from Samar who experienced epilepsy, headaches and sensory changes. The ova of S. japonicum were found in the feces. The probable diagnosis

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