JAMES CRAIG,1 in 1836, is credited with the first recorded case of visual hallucinations with postmortem findings of a lesion of an occipital lobe. His patient complained of seeing figures on the left with eyes open or closed over a 17-year period. At necropsy, a cavity, probably a thrombotic lesion, was found in the left occipital lobe (if the lesion was correctly recorded, the case was one of ipsilateral hallucinations).
Fifty years later Seguin2 reported that hallucinations always appear in the hemianoptic field.
Since these reports, there has been much discussion in the literature, with no general agreement as to whether or not the occipital lobe can produce formed hallucinations,3 whether the hallucinations have any lateralizing value,4 whether other cortical areas can produce visual hallucinations,5 and whether the degree of form taken on by the hallucinations depends on the area involved or on the innate
PARKINSON D, RUCKER CW, CRAIG WM. VISUAL HALLUCINATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH TUMORS OF THE OCCIPITAL LOBE. AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1952;68(1):66-68. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1952.02320190072007