MANY OBSERVERS have reported changes in respiratory movements induced by stimulation of the cerebral cortex in various animals. The most important of these studies have recently been reviewed by Delgado and Livingston1 and by Kaada,2 to which papers the reader is referred. Previous studies on primates which have some bearing on the present study will be summarized briefly.
In the monkey a small area for inhibition of respiratory movements was early found in the lower precentral region (Area 6B) (Vogt and Vogt3; Walker and Green4; Smith5). A second area which is said to exert an inhibitory influence on respiration in the monkey has been described on the posterior orbital surface of the frontal lobe (Spencer6; Bailey and Sweet7; Delgado and Livingston1; Sachs, Brendler, and Fulton8). A third area with similar influence on respiration has been located in the rostral limbic (cingular)
KAADA BR, JASPER H. RESPIRATORY RESPONSES TO STIMULATION OF TEMPORAL POLE, INSULA, AND HIPPOCAMPAL AND LIMBIC GYRI IN MAN. AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1952;68(5):609-619. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1952.02320230035004