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June 1957

Theories of Personality

AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1957;77(6):662. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1957.02330360120015

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Two professors of psychology have collaborated to present the main current theories of personality, as represented by Freud, Jung, Sullivan, Murray, Levin, Allport, Rogers, Murphy, and several others not identified with specific names. Most of the leaders in psychology and psychiatry develop their concepts and methodology through a lifetime of work and gradually sharpen or change their ideas. Rarely do they organize their concepts into a global scheme that could be called their theory. Therefore the authors were compelled to read a tremendous amount to extract material from which to cull each theory. This prodigious task is extremely valuable for the student of personality, for within one volume are the essential features of the significant theories of our time.

The book begins with an excellent chapter on the "Nature of Personality Theory" and ends with a discussion of "Personality Theory in Perspective." Here they compare the various theories and criticize