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The Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry was first published in 1919. At that time neurology and psychiatry were considered related subject fields and it was thought one journal would serve both adequately.Over the years, psychiatry has been emerging as a distinct specialty. The volume of literature has increased to such an extent that official publications reporting psychiatry either could not absorb it or felt the need to condense the material to accommodate more contributions. Psychiatrists began to feel also that the Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry should allot more space to psychiatry, that its emphasis over the years had been neurological.In July, 1956, an effort was made to give equal emphasis to both neurology and psychiatry by dividing the Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry into a two-section journal, with an editorial board for the Section on Neurology and a separate board for the Section on Psychiatry. This
News and Comment. AMA Arch NeurPsych. 1959;81(5):599. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1959.02340170065005