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Letters
August 2, 2000

Biological Warfare in the 1940s and 1950s—Reply

Author Affiliations
 

Stephen J.LurieMD, PhD, Contributing EditorIndividualAuthor

JAMA. 2000;284(5):561. doi:10.1001/jama.284.5.561

In Reply: Drs Endicott and Hagerman asserted that US and Canadian forces used biological weapons during the Korean War causing outbreaks of such diverse diseases as bacterial meningitis; scrub-, murine-, and tick-borne typhus; dengue fever; encephalitis; cholera; smallpox; plague; hemorrhagic fever; dysentery; and typhoid on the battlefield and in mainland China.1 All of these infections had been reported from the area decades prior to the war.25 Five isolated cases of respiratory anthrax were described from different localities, occurring some 250 miles apart in northern China during the Korean War.1

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