Author Affiliations: Section of Cardiovascular Medicine and the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, and Section of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut; and the Center for Outcomes Research and Evaluation, Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, Connecticut.
Outcomes research, with its focus on the experience of patients, is evolving as a core component of health care delivery.1,2 Pioneers such as Nightingale, Codman, and Wennberg established the promise of focusing on the end results of health care.3- 5 However, as a still-emerging field, there is a need for clarity about the definition, scope, and goals of outcomes research (Figure).
Krumholz HM. Real-world Imperative of Outcomes Research. JAMA. 2011;306(7):754–755. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.1170