Vitamin A supplements can prevent death and illness in children aged 6 months to 5 years and should be given to those in areas where there is risk for deficiency, particularly in low- and middle-income countries, report researchers in the United Kingdom and Pakistan (Mayo-Wilson E et al. BMJ. 2011;343:d5094).
The researchers analyzed the results of 43 vitamin A supplementation trials that included more than 215 000 children aged 5 years or younger. They found that vitamin A supplements were associated with a 24% lower child mortality in low- and middle-income countries.
Friedrich MJ. Vitamin A Supplementation. JAMA. 2011;306(15):1644. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.1483