Author Affiliation: Division of Critical Care Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio (firstname.lastname@example.org).
The specialty of pediatric critical care medicine developed as an offshoot of neonatology, pediatric general and cardiac surgery, and pediatric anesthesiology. Indeed, the first pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) were founded and staffed by pediatric anesthesiologists. Although the first PICUs emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s, pediatric critical care medicine was not formally recognized as a specialty until 1987, when the American Board of Pediatrics first offered a certifying examination, paving the way for hospital credentialing of pediatric intensivists. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education first accredited pediatric critical care medicine fellowship training programs in 1990, and the first edition of Pediatric Critical Care, edited by Bradley Fuhrman and Jerry Zimmerman, was published 2 years later.
Wheeler DS. Pediatric Critical Care. JAMA. 2011;306(20):2269. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.1722