Author Affiliations: Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology, Division of Sleep Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Inadequate sleep and sleep disorders have been associated with all-cause mortality,1,2 as well as with several leading causes of death, including motor vehicle crashes and cardiovascular disease. Inadequate sleep or sleep disorders have consequences in 2 major domains: excessive sleepiness with behavioral consequences, leading to risks including increased rate of motor vehicle crashes3; and cardiometabolic consequences, leading to an increased risk of obesity and insulin resistance.4
Grandner MA, Pack AI. Sleep Disorders, Public Health, and Public Safety. JAMA. 2011;306(23):2616-2617. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.1833