Author Affiliations: Division of Pediatric Urology, University of Southern California School of Medicine; and Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (email@example.com).
Pediatric urology continues to evolve as a dedicated subspecialty of urology, with an emphasis on conditions specific to infants, children, and adolescents, such as undescended testes, hypospadias, vesicoureteral reflux, and congenital anomalies such as bladder exstrophy. This evolution has led to the recently approved Certificate of Added Qualification for pediatric urologists from the American Board of Urology and the American Board of Medical Specialties, a response in part to the complexities of pediatric urologic conditions that require both surgical and nonsurgical management.
Koh CJ. Pediatric Urology: A General Urologist’s Guide. JAMA. 2011;306(24):2732-2733. doi:10.1001/jama.2011.1877