Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) was 53 years old when his second son, Jean, was born in September 1894. Living in and around Paris with his wife Aline (née Charigot) and their first child,
9-year-old Pierre, Renoir was by now a reasonably successful painter from the financial standpoint, although he was personally still nagged by doubts about his artistic worth, doubts that would plague him until his death in Cagnes-sur-Mer a quarter of a century later. At least two years earlier, in about 1892, he had also begun to suffer from the arthritis that would eventually leave him almost helpless (JAMA cover, December 19, 2007). But for the present, the birth of Jean ushered in a sunny and joyous time with little to foreshadow the difficult future.
Southgate MT. Gabrielle and Jean. JAMA. 2008;299(3):257. doi:10.1001/jama.299.3.257