Margaret A.WinkerMD, Senior EditorIndividualAuthorPhil B.FontanarosaMD, Senior EditorIndividualAuthor
In Reply: Every independent scientific body that has reviewed the scientific evidence has concluded that exposure to passive smoke is harmful to health.1 As the title of our article suggests, the goal of our study was to determine why many published review articles reach conclusions that differ from these independent scientific bodies. We investigated several factors in addition to quality and funding source that might be associated with outcome, including peer review, date of publication, and topic of review. The only factor associated with the conclusion of a review article was the affiliation of its author: 94% of reviews by tobacco industry–affiliated authors concluded that passive smoking is not harmful compared with 13% of reviews by authors without tobacco-industry affiliations.
Bero LA, Barnes D. Women in Medicine. JAMA. 1998;280(13):1141-1142. doi:10-1001/pubs.JAMA-ISSN-0098-7484-280-13-jbk1007