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December 9, 1998

An Even Closer Look at Therapeutic Touch—Reply

Author Affiliations

Margaret A.WinkerMD, Senior EditorIndividualAuthorPhil B.FontanarosaMD, Senior EditorIndividualAuthor

JAMA. 1998;280(22):1905-1908. doi:10-1001/pubs.JAMA-ISSN-0098-7484-280-22-jac80017

In Reply.—Advocates of TT postulate that an HEF exists. Can such an entity be measured or perceived? Do any well-designed studies show a beneficial effect against any health problem? Our article addressed all of these points. If TT practitioners could sense an HEF, they should be able to sense whether they are near an experimenter's hand. None of the tested practitioners demonstrated such ability. None objected to the study's design before they were tested. Proponents still offer no alternative testable hypothesis or protocol. Nor have any stepped forward to attempt to demonstrate the existence of an HEF, even though a million-dollar reward is available.1

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