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September 14, 1935

ENDOCARDITIS DUE TO THE HEMOLYTIC PARAINFLUENZA BACILLUS

JAMA. 1935;105(11):876-877. doi:10.1001/jama.1935.92760370004012c
Abstract

Endocarditis due to the hemolytic hemophilic bacillus is uncommon. Four cases have been reported : the first in 1923 by Miller and Branch,1 two in 1932 by Fothergill, Sweet and Hubbard2 and one in 1933 by De Santo and White.3 In 1922 Rivers4 showed that influenza bacilli are not all identical in their growth requirements. Those which are not strictly hemoglobinophilic he placed in the para-influenza group. In the classification suggested by Valentine and Rivers5 in 1927 the hemophilic group is composed of the hemolytic and the nonhemolytic influenza bacillus, the hemolytic and the nonhemolytic para-influenza bacillus and Bacillus haemoglobinophilus-canis. In 1928 Russell and Fildes6 reported a case of endocarditis associated with a nonhemolytic para-influenza bacillus. The following is a report of a case of endocarditis associated with the hemolytic para-influenza bacillus :

REPORT OF CASE 

History.  —Mrs. F. C, aged 40, white, a housewife, had

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