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Dr. J. A. Murray, who has been director of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund since 1915, retired Oct. 1, 1935, and Dr. William Ewart Gye, formerly on the staff of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (1913-1919), who has been working under the Medical Research Council for the past sixteen years, was appointed director. The report of the director cites the pessimism and confusion that prevailed in the medical profession in 1902 on the subject of cancer. Cancer in animals was practically unknown. The morbid anatomists regarded cancer as a cellular disease and, of the many hypotheses to explain its origin, only the Cohnheim theory of embryonic rests has survived as an explanation of certain rare malignant tumors. Hanau's first successful transplantation of a rat tumor to another rat and Morau's repetition of this experiment made little impression. Jensen's experiments made a more profound impression, as the Imperial Cancer Research Fund
Thirty-Third Annual Report, 1934—1935, of the Imperial Cancer Research Fund. JAMA. 1936;106(24):2096-2097. doi:10.1001/jama.1936.02770240060032