Surgery of the Heart.
—At a meeting of the medical academy Filippo Pacini in Pistoia, Prof. Piero Valdoni, who holds the chair of surgical pathology at the University of Rome, discussed surgery of the heart. This work, begun recently at the university, required various techniques, such as heart catheterization, study of oxygen in the blood, cardioangiography, use of the electro-ionic manometer, fluorocardiography, and ballistocardiography. To these studies were added capillaroscopy, examination of the fundus, examination of the circulating blood and the interstitial fluids, hemoglobin exchange, and sternal puncture.Cardiosurgery has been of practical interest since Gross performed the first successful ligation of patent ductus arteriosus, some 10 years ago. The development of new methods today permits radical cure in some types of cardiac disease. Further progress will be obtained when the mechanism of the heart can be reproduced by a suitable apparatus, similar to those appliances suggested by Tosatti, Tonelli,
ITALY. JAMA. 1951;146(13):1246. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670130068021