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In an elaborate monograph the authors discuss in detail the subject of mega-esophagus or cardiospasm. The various theories of the causation of the disease are well considered. Since the generally accepted theory of the etiology of cardiospasm surmises that it is the result of disturbance in the nerve supply of the esophagus, the chapter on enervation is particularly interesting. The physiology of the normal esophagus and cardia is discussed at length. Experimental studies in the production of the disease in animals are completely considered. More than a hundred pages is devoted to the types of treatment that have been employed in the management of the disease, and the various types of plastic operations and expanding dilators are discussed in detail. The volume is profusely illustrated with roentgenograms, drawings and photographs. There is one drawing of the esophagus in color showing areas of leukoplakia and ulceration in cardiospasm that is especially
Cirurgia do megaesôfago. JAMA. 1940;114(1):85-86. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810010087040