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Through depressions and periods of prosperity, the Department of Health of the City of New York has continued to expand until its activities, expenditures and personnel are larger than that of most states. It has eleven bureaus and a number of "departmental boards and adjuncts." Its budget for 1938 was $5,528,234, and its employees numbered 2,842 persons. It seems to be working in close cooperation with organized medicine, since credit is repeatedly given to the medical societies within its boundaries. The department is entitled to a considerable portion of the credit for the steady decline in morbidity and mortality within its jurisdiction. During the present century the standardized death rate per thousand of population has dropped from about 21 to 9.8. The infant mortality, which was 55 per thousand live births in the three year period between 1930 to 1932, declined to 42 in the period between 1936 and 1938.
Health for New York City's Millions: An Account of Activities of the Department of Health of the City of New York for 1938 with Comparative Vital Statistics Tables. JAMA. 1940;114(2):186. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810020090040