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February 24, 1940

BLINDNESS DUE TO AIR EMBOLISM: A COMPLICATION OF EXTRAPLEURAL PNEUMOLYSIS

JAMA. 1940;114(8):654-655. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.62810080003008a
Abstract

Our purpose in this report is to draw attention to the occurrence of an air embolus in the eye and to record two cases in which this was observed as a complication of extrapleural pneumolysis.

REPORT OF CASES 

Case 1.—History.—  F. C., a Negro woman aged 27, was admitted to the Baltimore City Hospital in August 1936. A diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis was made and treatment with pneumothorax was instituted. In February 1937, because of unsatisfactory collapse, this therapy was discontinued. Nov. 11, 1938, a first stage thoracoplasty was performed. The first, second and third ribs on the left side were resected and an extrafascial apicolysis was done. Following this procedure pneumothorax treatment was resumed.December 15, 120 cc. of air at a pressure of 220 mm. of water was injected. Immediately after this procedure the patient complained of excruciating pain in the head and within a few

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