Other Articles
June 8, 1940


JAMA. 1940;114(23):2310-2311. doi:10.1001/jama.1940.02810230040015

Since Francis1 in 1919 recognized the identity of "deer fly fever" with the "plaguelike" disease of rodents which had been described by McCoy2 several years earlier, the presence of human cases of this disease has been disclosed in forty-eight states and in the District of Columbia, as well as in a number of foreign countries. The symptoms, diagnosis and pathology of this disease, named tularemia by Francis and often called "rabbit fever," were extensively described a number of years ago in The Journal.3 Now attention is called to the increasing number of human cases and deaths from tularemia. A recent report4 devoted to a discussion of the sources, symptoms and prevention of tularemia states that there were 2,088 cases and 139 deaths from this disease in the United States alone in 1938. Moreover, complete returns will probably show that the death toll of the disease in

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