[Skip to Content]
Access to paid content on this site is currently suspended due to excessive activity being detected from your IP address Please contact the publisher to request reinstatement.
[Skip to Content Landing]
Cracow Contributions
May 18, 1964

History of Cracow School of Medicine

Author Affiliations

Cracow, Poland; Boston

Dr. Tochowicz is a professor and rector of the Medical Academy.

JAMA. 1964;188(7):662-667. doi:10.1001/jama.1964.03060330042011

This article is only available in the PDF format. Download the PDF to view the article, as well as its associated figures and tables.


ON MAY 12, 1364, King Casimir the Great founded Cracow University ("Studium Generale Cracoviense"). Already a score of great universities in Western Europe had been founded, chief among these were Paris (1110), Bologna (1158), Oxford (1167), Montpelier (1181), Cambridge (1209), Padua (1222), Naples (1224), and Valencia ( 1345-50 ). The first universities to appear east of France were Prague ( 1348) and Cracow (1364). Austrian, German, and Scandinavian universities were to come later.

During the reign of Casimir III, the last of the Piast Dynasty, Poland had emerged as a world power surrounded by a disintegrating Holy Roman Empire, a strong Bohemia and Hungary, an embattled Muscovy, and a friendly Lithuania. In the West, France and England were in the throes of their Hundred Years War (1338-1453); Flanders and Netherlands were flourishing while Italy divided into City States was the center of world culture with Dante and Petrarch heralding the forthcoming Renaissance. The

First Page Preview View Large
First page PDF preview
First page PDF preview