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Editorials
June 8, 1964

BENJAMIN WATERHOUSE (1754-1846)—THE AMERICAN JENNER

JAMA. 1964;188(10):929-931. doi:10.1001/jama.1964.03060360089020
Abstract

Benjamin Waterhouse, Hersey professor of the theory and practice of physic at Harvard, introduced vaccination against smallpox into the United States, demonstrating its value on his own children. He was the first professor of medicine at Harvard, the first to give a course of lectures on natural history at Rhode Island College (Brown) in Providence, founder of the botanical garden at Cambridge, and curator of the collection of minerals at Harvard.1 Benjamin was born in Newport, RI, the son of a tanner and cabinet maker, who later became a judge of the Court of Common Pleas. His mother was the niece of John Fothergill, one of the outstanding physicians of a remarkable period in London medicine. At the age of 16, Waterhouse was apprenticed to John Halliburton, a physician in Newport, with whom he spent six years in the first stage of medical training. Gilbert Stuart, portrait painter of Newport,

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