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September 21, 1964


JAMA. 1964;189(12):946-947. doi:10.1001/jama.1964.03070120068021

Sir Victor Horsley, the foremost neurosurgeon of England, was a spiritual disciple of John Hunter, teacher and practitioner of surgery, and a pupil of Burdon-Sanderson, experimental physiologist. Horsley was born in Kensington, with a family heritage for music, painting, and medicine. He was an exceptional schoolboy at Cranbrook, whereas at University College, London, his special talents appeared and he graduated MB and BS in 1881 as Scholar in Surgery and Gold Medalist. In 1884, Horsley was appointed professor-superintendent of the Brown Institution, where he carried out a series of investigations in three diverse fields of medical science—endocrinology, microbiology, and neurophysiology. As a member of a commission to study the relationship of myxedema and cretinism, he produced, by total thyroidectomy, clinical myxedema in a monkey. As a member of the Royal Commission on Hydrophobia, Horsley studied the application of the Pasteur treatment for rabies; with Sharpey-Schäfer and his brother-in-law Gotsch, he

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