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February 23, 1963


JAMA. 1963;183(8):29-40. doi:10.1001/jama.1963.03700080003002

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MDs to the Moon, Mars and Beyond  "Their value demands that they be included in future space flights"A physician in outer space—not a bad idea at all. It is, in fact a distinct probability within the next 10 years, in the opinions of two members of the US astronaut program.Robert B. Voas, PhD, a member of the astronaut debriefing team which interviews orbiting pilots immediately after each flight, said that the use of scientists as astronauts is not possible for the first lunar landing. But it is "quite possible for future landings."LCDR M. Scott Carpenter, who completed a three orbit space flight May 24, 1962, went a bit farther and specified that the value of flight surgeons, biologists, geologists, and astronomers "demands that they be included in future space flights" to the moon and Mars."Perhaps one day the astronaut will be the least important person aboard

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