Women who have been subjected to female genital mutilation can benefit from reconstructive surgery, report French researchers (Foldes P et al. Lancet. doi:10.1016/S0140-673660400-0 [published online June 12, 2012]).
In a prospective trial conducted in France from 1998 to 2009, almost 3000 women 18 years and older from Mali, Senegal, Ivory Coast, and France who had suffered female genital mutilation underwent a new surgical procedure to restore clitoral anatomy and function. Most women in the study had a type II mutilation, which is removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora.
Friedrich M. Female Genital Mutilation. JAMA. 2012;308(7):662. doi:10.1001/2012.jama.10508