Shifting clinical tasks required for the care of patients with HIV from physicians to nurses can be done safely and effectively, according to a new study (Fairall L et al. Lancet. 2012;380:889-893).
The shortage of physicians available to initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART) in South Africa is a major obstacle to treating more patients with HIV. Researchers from the United Kingdom and South Africa conducted a 2-year randomized controlled trial with more than 15 000 patients from 31 ART clinics in South Africa to see if nurses could take on the tasks normally performed by physicians.
Friedrich MJ. Nurse-Centered HIV Care. JAMA. 2012;308(15):1515. doi:10.1001/jama.2012.13776