Parasitic diseases as well as complications from delivery contribute to the high epilepsy rates in sub-Saharan Africa, report African and European researchers (Ngugi AK et al. Lancet Neurol. 2013;12:253-263).
Researchers at 5 demographic surveillance sites screened 586 607 residents; 1711 participants diagnosed with active convulsive epilepsy and 2032 control participants were given questionnaires to complete about lifestyle habits. Blood samples also were tested for exposure to malaria and other parasitic diseases.
Friedrich MJ. Epilepsy Risks in Africa. JAMA. 2013;309(11):1101. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.1828