JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis Section Editor: Mary McGrae McDermott, MD, Contributing Editor. We encourage authors to submit papers for consideration as a JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis. Please contact Dr McDermott at firstname.lastname@example.org
Author Affiliations: Department of Medicine, Dunedin School of Medicine, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Clinical Question Which types of interventions reduce falls in older people living in the community?
Bottom Line Fall-prevention exercise programs, usually including muscle strengthening and balance retraining, were associated with lower fall rates in community-dwelling older people whether or not individuals were selected on the basis of fall risk. Home safety interventions, vitamin D supplementation in people with lower vitamin D levels, and individually targeted multifactorial interventions were associated with fewer falls in community-dwelling people with risk factors for falling.
Robertson MC, Gillespie LD. Fall Prevention in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. JAMA. 2013;309(13):1406-1407. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.3130