Men should be fully informed that they're unlikely to benefit from prostate cancer screening and risk harm if they are screened, according to the American College of Physicians (ACP).
In a new guideline, the ACP said that about 1000 men would have to be screened to save 1 life. But harm from testing is far more common. False-positive rates are high and can lead to invasive tests that result in infection, bleeding, or hospitalization. Men diagnosed with prostate cancer sometimes undergo surgery, which is associated with a 37% increased risk of sexual dysfunction and an 11% increased risk of urinary incontinence.
Selections From News@JAMA and JAMA Forum. JAMA. 2013;309(21):2203. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.6396