High-risk individuals should be screened for lung cancer with computed tomography (CT), according to new guidelines from the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP). New findings from a major clinical trial prompted the group to recommend such screening for older smokers and former long-time smokers.
The third edition of the ACCP's guidelines for the diagnosis and management of lung cancer, released on May 7, recommended offering low-dose CT scanning for lung cancer screening for individuals aged 55 to 74 years who have smoked for 30 pack-years or more and either continue to smoke or have quit within the past 15 years (http://tinyurl.com/bwdp9hk). (A pack-year is equivalent to smoking a pack of cigarettes every day for a year.) An estimated 7 million people in the United States would be eligible for lung CT screening, which can detect cancers when they are smaller and easier to treat.
Mitka M. Chest Physicians Recommend CT Screening for Lung Cancer Only for Older Smokers. JAMA. 2013;309(22):2314. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.6949