Teaching Kenyan women to collect their own genital specimens to be used in testing for human papillomavirus (HPV)—the primary risk factor for cervical cancer—shows promise in the detection of this malignancy and could help lower the high rate of cervical cancer in eastern Africa, which is thought to result from a lack of screening programs (Ting J et al. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0b013e31828e5a91 [published online April 23, 2013]).
Friedrich MJ. Self-Testing for HPV. JAMA. 2013;309(23):2430. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.7389