A report from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) finds no evidence that drastically reducing salt, and the sodium it contains, in individuals' diets reduces the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, or death. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) beg to differ.
People in the United States consume on average about 3400 mg of sodium each day. Both the CDC and the AHA note that higher sodium consumption is associated with hypertension, which increases the risk for myocardial infarction, stroke, and death.
Mitka M. IOM Report: Evidence Fails to Support Guidelines for Dietary Salt Reduction. JAMA. 2013;309(24):2535-2536. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.7110