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Health disparities remain a serious problem in the United States. Minorities and lower-income residents have overall higher rates of morbidity and mortality attributable to preventable and manageable conditions compared with non-Hispanic whites and individuals of higher socioeconomic status. Causes of disparities range from the environmental, such as substandard housing and poor air quality; to the behavioral, such as higher rates of smoking and obesity; to the medical, such as inadequate access to high-quality and culturally competent medical care.1,2
Reece EA, Brown AG, Sharfstein JM. New Incentive-Based ProgramsMaryland’s Health Disparities Initiatives. JAMA. 2013;310(3):259-260. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.7236