Plug in the term fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging) to PubMed
and the search engine will generate tens of thousands of relevant citations.
Since this brain imaging technique first appeared in the early 1990s, its
use has “simply exploded,” says Marcus Raichle, MD, professor
of radiology, neurology, and anatomy and neurobiology at Washington University
School of Medicine, St Louis, a pioneer in functional brain imaging.
Not only are researchers using fMRI and other neuroimaging tools to
examine basic sensorimotor and cognitive processes and brain pathology, they
are also using them to explore complex brain functions involved in human motivation,
reasoning, and social attitudes. This new ability to explore brain mechanisms
is opening an array of opportunities to advance the understanding of the brain
in health and disease.
Neuroscience Becomes Image Conscious as Brain Scans Raise Ethical Issues. JAMA. 2005;294(7):781-783. doi:10.1001/jama.294.7.781