Children with neurologic or neurodevelopmental conditions are at greater risk of complications from influenza, but recent data show their vaccination rates aren’t any higher than those of lower-risk children without those conditions.
Since 2005, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices has included cognitive dysfunction, spinal cord injuries, seizure disorders, and other neuromuscular disorders as conditions that increase the chances of complications associated with influenza virus infection. Public health officials became increasingly concerned about children with these conditions after a review showed that 43% of the 336 deaths attributed to pandemic 2009 influenza A(H1N1) were in children with an underlying neurologic condition.
More Attention Needed for Children at High Risk of Flu Complications. JAMA. 2013;310(18):1913. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.280673